Adaptogenic: increases the ability to handle stress. Alterative: cleanses the blood, gradually restoring healthy bodily functions. Analgesic: relieves or reduces pain. Anesthetic: numbs the nerves and causes lack of sensation. Anthelmintic: kills or expels intestinal worms. Antibacterial: prevents the growth of bacteria and kills it. Antibiotic: destroy or inhibit the growth or viruses and bacteria. Anticatarrhals: breakdown and eliminate mucus. Anticoagulant: prevents the blood from clotting. Antidepressant: alleviates or prevents depression. Antiemetic: relieve nausea, vomiting and stomach problems. Antifungal: kills fungal infections. Antigalactagogue: lessens the production of milk in nursing mothers. Anti-inflammatory: reduces inflammation. Antimicrobial: inhibits the growth of micro-organisms. Antineuralgic: stops nerve pain. Antioxidant: Protects the body against free radicals. Antipruritic: prevents and relieves itching. Antipyretic: reduces and relieves fever. Antiseptic: destroys or prevents the growth of bacteria. Antispasmodic: relieves or prevents spasms, cramps and convulsions. Antisudorific: stops perspiration. Antiviral: weakens and kills viruses. Aperient: mild laxative. Astringent: increases firmness and tone of tissues. Bitter: promote the flow of digestive juices, good for digestion. Calmative: mild sedative or tranquilizer. Cardiac: improves the power and regularity of the heart. Carminative: expels gas from the intestines. Cholagogue: stimulates the flow of bile. Coagulant: clots the blood. Counter-Irritant: Induces local irritation of skin, drawing blood and other materials to the surface from deeper tissues, relieving congestion and inflammation. Decongestant: relives congestion. Demulcent: soothes irritated or inflamed tissue internally. Deodorant: eliminates offensive odors. Derivative: Draws blood and other fluids from one part of the body to relieve congestion in another. Diaphoreic: increases perspiration - good for fever and illness. Digestive: promotes and aids digestion. Disinfectant: kills infections and disease promoting germs. Diuretic: increases the flow of urine. Emetic: induces vomiting. Emmenagogue: promotes and regulates menstruation. Emollient: softens the skin and soothes inflamed tissue - externally. Expectorant: promotes the discharge of mucous from the throat and lungs. Febrifuge: Reduces or prevents fevers. Galactagogue: promotes or increases the milk in nursing mothers. Germicide: kills germs Hemostatic: stops hemorrhaging. Hepatic: strengthens and tones the liver. Hypotensive: stabilizes blood pressure, whether too high or too low. Hypolipidemic: decreases the level of cholesterol in the blood. Immunostimulant: improves the body's innate healing capacity. Insecticide: kills insects. Laxative: promotes bowl action. Lithotriptic: dissolves and discharge urinary and gall bladder stone. Lymphataic: stimulates and cleanses the lymphatic system. Nervine: supports, soothes and calms the nervous system. Nutritive: herbs containing a substantial supply of nutrients, building the body. Parasiticide: kills and removes parasites from the skin. Parturient: facilitates labor and childbirth. Pectoral: effects and supports the respiratory system. Purgative: powerful bowl action. Refrigerant: cools and lowers body temperature. Regenerator: promotes new growth or repair of tissue that is diseased or injured. Relaxant: reduces tension and produces relaxation. Rubefacient: stimulates and increases blood flow to the surface of the skin. Sedative: calms anxiety and promotes drowsiness. Sialagogues: increased the flow of saliva. Soporifics: tends to induce drowsiness or sleep, hynotic. Stimulant: excites or quickens an activity in the body. Stomachic: strengthens, stimulates and tones the stomach. Styptic: Reduces or stops external bleeding. Sudorific: promotes or increases perspiration. Tonic: strengthens and invigorates the entire body (or specific organs). Vermifuge: expels intestinal worms. Vulnerary: heals wounds.